https://governmenttechnology.blog.gov.uk/2016/12/13/naming-wifi-for-all-of-government/

Naming wifi for all of government

“Do you have wifi?”

It’s one of the first questions many of us ask on entering a new building, but in government buildings the answer can often be complicated and rooted in security more than user needs.

We’re working on a service for public sector buildings which allows civil servants, contractors, and guests to sign in to wifi automatically, even in buildings they’ve never been to before.

GovWifi is an authentication service running in the cloud that makes all the various participating wifi networks appear as one. Each user is protected with unique credentials and encryption keys to log in to the wifi and access the internet.

Once logged in they can access their organisation's resources like they would at home using a virtual private network (VPN) or similar. Users’ devices are isolated from each other to stop the horizontal spread of malware and protect secure devices from less secure ones.

The network also identifies itself in a way that can't be spoofed, adding to these safety measures that provide protection from potential attackers.

While the service needs to protect users against the security risks of wifi, it also has to make sense to anybody, staff and visitors, in buildings across all the main departments and potentially other public sector buildings like Job Centres and Passport Offices.

What’s in a name?

Just like on GOV.UK Verify, our users need to understand that our service is a bit different. People aren’t used to wifi for guests being secure, and they certainly aren’t used to secure wifi automatically signing in across government. So the name of the service becomes really important.

We’ve been running a prototype service, user.wifi, but our research has shown that users thought that the name was a URL, and didn’t trust it because it didn’t sound like it was run by government.

So, we realised we needed a name that was easy to tell people about. Most importantly, it needed to sound:

  • secure
  • official
  • like it was for anybody in a government building

Those first few requirements are relatively easy to do, the difficult bit is finding something that works in all types of government buildings.

Our research quickly showed us why this was a problem. People have a mental model of parts of government that are quite separate. For example, many people don’t associate the police directly with the Home Office (HO) even though they are both part of government. Even though they know they’re both funded by government, the perception is that the police are part of the public sector, whereas HO is part of the civil service. (HO and the Civil Service being much lesser known.)

It’s a very rough approximation, and lots of people have different perceptions based on how much they know about how government works, but the below diagram illustrates how people in our project perceived the different parts of government.

association-perceived-by-citizens

What did users think?

We ran a short discovery to test names that we felt people could identify with as being secure, official, and for them to use.

  • UKWifi
  • GovSecure
  • GovWifi
  • GetOnline
  • HMGovernment

These names were tested on a poster so that participants could see the context in which the information about the wifi would be provided. We also included user.wifi in the mix so we could test it with the same users.

The discovery process involved conducting face to face interviews with people at the Government Digital Service (GDS), Ministry of Justice (MOJ), Department for Business, Energy, and Industry Strategy (BEIS), and the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP). We ensured we interviewed all potential users of the service (civil servants, contractors, and department visitors) so that we could understand what elements of a name worked, and where the use of a name was effective with more than one user group.

In addition to the face-to-face interviews, we conducted a short survey with staff at GDS to measure each of the wifi names tested against the key attributes:

  1. Feeling secure
  2. Feeling official
  3. Being for you

The results from the survey confirmed that only one of the names worked across all types of users. Combining the survey results with the results from the face-to-face interviews enabled us to be confident in our final choice.

Finalising the name

Overall, GovWifi tested the best. Participants associated it with being secure, official and being for them to use in a government building, irrespective of whether they are a civil servant, a contractor, or a visitor.

GovWifi feels official and secure. It looks like the sort of thing that would exist - government visitor, MOJ

Sounds official. It would be one I’d click on - civil servant, DWP

The other names tested got a mixed response, with GovSecure testing well for feeling secure and being official, but failing to suggest that it was for everyone in a government building to use. HMGovernment also tested well for feeling secure, but equally felt scary for participants as they felt the name suggested that it could be monitored.

User.wifi continued to test poorly with participants, as did UKWifi (sounding too commercial) and GetOnline (feeling insecure). Every participant said they would not use a wifi with these names.

Throughout the Discovery it was clear that the inclusion of the HM Government crest, and the wifi sign with a shield on the poster were also important for instilling confidence in the service and providing a sense of officialness and security.

govwifi-border

What’s next?

GovWifi will continue to be tested with end users across government as well as staff responsible for implementing and managing the service. We'll also do more research to make sure GovWifi meets the needs of the wider public sector, such as local government, health and social care.

Early next year (2017) you should start to see GovWifi become available in government buildings. If you work in a government IT department responsible for end user devices you can roll out a wifi profile now in preparation for getting your users onto GovWifi. Please try it out and let us know what you think.

9 comments

  1. Andrew Robertson

    Sounds like a good move to make things simpler.
    Just to point out, the GDS writing style guide https://www.gov.uk/guidance/style-guide/a-to-z-of-gov-uk-style says "Wi-Fi" should be "Upper case and hyphenated (trade mark)." Don't know if that has an impact on your wireless network name, or at least how you refer to Wi-Fi in future comms and blog posts? 'Wireless' could be an alternative to test if the trade mark is a problem.

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    • Lucy Denton

      Hi Andrew
      Thanks for your comment. We based our text on a change to the way wifi was written in the style guide. Unfortunately, publishing plans didn't quite match up, and the style guide has only just been updated.

      The style guide changed the way wifi should be written because:
      1) Google trend analysis shows that 'wifi' is a much more popular search term than 'Wi-Fi'.
      2) Using 'wifi' carries a lower level of legal risk than using 'Wi-Fi', because it's not trade marked.

      Many thanks
      Lucy

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  2. Darren

    No testing of GOV.UK Wifi?

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    • Sanjay Poyzer

      We did float that idea, but after conferring with the GOV.UK team decided that it didn't make sense as the wifi service is completely separate to GOV.UK.

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    • Nick Breeze

      Thanks Darren for your comment.
      We had a session where we brainstormed potential names, of which gov.uk wifi was one of them. This was discounted for the following reasons:
      1. There's no user need to associate the wifi with the website GOV.UK
      2. The initial usability problem with user.wifi was it looked and acted like a URL, so we needed to avoid a URL in the name

      Many thanks, Nick

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  3. Jim Boyle

    We have designed and started the implemention of our wi-fi Infrastructure using the user.wifi and device.wifi SSIDs and now will have to revisit. How firm is the new naming standard is it likely we will have to change it again

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    • Alistair Cowan

      Dear Jim,

      Thank you for your comment.

      Our extensive research has suggested that these are names that work well for the vast majority of people. We have no plans to amend the name again in the future.

      Thanks,
      Alistair

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  4. Craig Cockburn

    It is one of the things I dislike about wifi is that it is often so difficult to use. With broadband, it's always on. No dial up needed! With phones, they are generally always on. No dial up needed! I recall the old days of 14.4K modems and having to wait to get a connection. Often with wifi it feels like not much has changed. "Please fill in this form" "please wait for the proxy" "please wait for the authentication page to load" "please wait while we resend your login details" "please type in this data on a mobile phone screen in tiny text so we can authenticate you" "please wait while we send you an authentication text even though you might not have reception". All in a bad experience that isn't much better than the modems of 20 years ago. We need a register once, login once, work. How close can you get to one-click for simplicity? This sounds like a good move, and in line with what eduroam have been doing for years on academic premises.

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    • Sanjay Poyzer

      Dear Craig,

      Thank you for your comment.

      We've been doing a lot of user research on the user journey for different types of devices. It's not quite 'one click', but instead it's a simple login that you only need to do once for that device. Each time you enter a participating building the device will login automatically.

      Thanks,
      Sanjay

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